Items to consider for LGBT students studying abroad
One of the greatest joys of studying abroad can be witnessing and experiencing the economic, political, and social structures and cultures of a country or region that is unique from your own. This can also be one of the more stressful aspects of studying abroad. For students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, queer, intersexual, asexual, or ally, experiencing certain countries’ more conservative cultural and social norms can be both stressful and disheartening. Acceptance and tolerance toward members of the LGBTQIA community vary by location and depend upon each country or area’s cultural norms and laws. The following sections offer some practical advice to students who identify as LGBTQIA and are participating in study abroad programs.
Being Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgendered in a Study Abroad Program
Prior to selecting a study abroad program, do the following to ensure a safer and more comfortable experience:
- determine the cultural and social norms and attitudes of people regarding lesbian, gay, transgendered, and bisexual people in your destination
- research the laws and regulations of your destination regarding being lesbian, gay, transgendered, or bisexual
- identify the resources (LGBTQUIA organizations, hotels, support lines, etc.) devoted to the lesbian, gay, transgendered, and bisexual community in your destination
In many countries throughout the world, being lesbian, gay, transgendered, or bisexual is considered sinful and/or is against the law. Some countries’ residents, because of their social or cultural norms, act cruelly or violently towards individuals perceived to be lesbian, gay, transgendered, or bisexual or who are openly lesbian, gay, transgendered, or bisexual. Other countries’ residents and governments punish consensual sexual activity (this could include holding hands, kissing, or touching affectionately in public, and even kissing, touching, or engaging in sexual activities in private) with fines, jail time, or even death. Such countries are also prone to identifying apparently transgendered individuals as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, and typically disregard transgendered individuals’ rights to use resources (such as bathrooms, dorm rooms, etc.) that aren’t consistent with the perceived gender of the individual. Because social, cultural, and legal acceptance of people who are lesbian, gay, transgendered, and bisexual varies throughout the world and carries with it potentially damaging or deadly reactions, it is incredibly important to research a countries’ attitude toward the LGBTQUIA community prior to deciding where to study, and certainly before leaving for a destination.
Being Queer, Intersexual, Asexual, or an Ally in Another Country
The main thing to keep in mind when selecting a country in which to spend time is that cultural and social norms and legal structures can be even more threatening to the LGBTQIA community than those in even the most conservative corners of the United States. Many populations throughout the world consider sexual activity (again, this could be anything from holding hands to engaging in intercourse in a private setting) that happens outside of its traditional structure (typically marriage between a man and woman) sinful, informally punishable, or even illegal. People who identify as queer, intersexual, asexual, or even an ally should be aware of and sensitive to the structures of other countries just as much as people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered are. In some countries, even speaking out as an ally of the LGBTQUIA community can be punishable and, at the very least, ostracizing. In addition, many cultures are not prepared to understand or accept intersex or asexual people as they don’t fit into a belief system built upon marriage and clear gender identity.
All of this being said, there are also tons of wonderful countries in the world that accept, support, and embrace people who identify as LGBTQIA; the main point of this article is to emphasize the importance of knowing and understanding the environment of the country in which one wishes to study.
For more information on being LGBTQIA and traveling to another country, visit the United States Department of State website.
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Annie Rose Stathes is a Colorado-based writer, teacher and political scientist. Her background is in international affairs and she holds a Master of Arts degree in Political Science.